“Bloody Sunday” in the Military Service (1916-1923) Pensions Collection

Blue icons – operations carried out. Yellow icons – planned/unsuccessful operations

Extracts from James Bird’s sworn statement in support of his military service pension application.

Introduction:

The coordinated operation to attack suspected British intelligence agents on the morning 21 November 1920, known as “Bloody Sunday”, was, to that date, the largest single operation undertaken by the Irish forces in Dublin during the War of Independence. In all sixteen people were killed by the IRA that morning and several others wounded. While primarily an IRA operation in conception and execution, assistance and support was received from members of Cumann na mBan, Na Fianna Éireann and the Irish Citizen Army (ICA). What follows is a listing, by operation location or role, of those individuals whose files are publicly available online in the Military Service (1916-1923) Pensions Collection (MSPC) and, who either claimed involvement in the operation themselves, or whose involvement is stated by others within the collection. At present this amounts to 153 men and 12 women.

This includes not just those who entered the various premises and shot or were present during the shooting of those believed to be British agents. Also included are those involved in supporting roles such as: intelligence gathering and the identification of targets; scouting and outpost duty; transport, first aid; and the movement of arms used during the various attacks.

Also listed are those who took part in “unsuccessful” operations – i.e. those cases where the intended target was not present when the IRA units raided, or where, for whatever reason, the attack was called off. This is important as we know that a significant number of other suspected British agents were also targeted in this operation and gives a better idea of the intended scale of the attacks. Finally, also listed are individuals whose precise role and/or location on the day cannot yet be clarified from the material processed to date by the MSPC project team. Duplication of roles did take place and a number of individuals are to be found under more than one heading.

Links to each individual’s entry on the MSPC database are provided for anyone wishing to read that individual’s description or view their files.

It is important to note that this listing is not definitive. There are several reasons for this. Firstly, it is already known that several individuals involved at various levels in the planning and execution of this operation, Cathal Brugha and Sean Russell for example, do not have files in the MSPC. Secondly, given the scale of the MSPC and, as the project is an ongoing one, it is almost certain that further files and information relating to the events and individuals connected with 21 November 1920 will come to light in the future. The aim is that this listing will be added to or amended if or when that occurs.

Thirdly it is also clear that some who do have files in the collection and did play some role in the operation, did not always mention that fact themselves during their own pension applications. Luckily, in the cases of some, such as Frank Thornton, they do discuss that role – in intelligence gathering in his case – while giving evidence or providing references in relation to the applications of others. However this may not always be the case.  

There is not a great amount of information relating to the actual planning of the Bloody Sunday operations, nor the manner in which targets were selected, in the MSPC. It is however generally agreed by historians that among those involved in planning and who have files in the MSPC are: Michael Collins in his role as Director of Intelligence; Richard Mulcahy as IRA Chief of Staff; and Richard (Dick) McKee and Peadar Clancy as Officer Commanding and vice Officer Commanding, Dublin Brigade, IRA respectively. Henry Edward Colley, then Adjutant, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA claimed a role in planning in his service pension application, while Oscar Traynor, McKee’s successor as O C Dublin Brigade, shows a knowledge of events in his statement on Patrick Lamb’s file (see image below) that also indicates a possible role.  As already mentioned, others commonly mentioned in connection with the planning and execution of Bloody Sunday, such as the Dáil Éireann Minister for Defence Cathal Brugha and IRA Director of Munitions Sean Russell, do not have files in the collection.

While there is a strong possibility that other members of IRA GHQ and officers at various levels of Dublin Brigade IRA played some role, as this is not explicitly stated in any of the material processed to date, they are not included in this listing.

Similarly there is little evidence regarding the selection of individuals and the apportioning of roles in relation to the individual attacks. Outside of those members of IRA GHQ Intelligence and “The Squad” who took part, it would appear to have been down to the Company or Battalion Commanding Officers picking personnel they could trust and rely on. However, this is not explicitly stated or explored in any detail in the files processed to date.    

Finally, also included is a listing of those with files in the MSPC who claim or are stated to have been present at Croke Park later in the day at the Tipperary v Dublin Gaelic football match, when fourteen people were killed or died later, and about eighty others injured by British forces.

Further reading:

The Bureau of Military History (1913-1921) http://www.militaryarchives.ie/collections/online-collections/bureau-of-military-history-1913-1921

Cairo Gang. http://www.cairogang.com

O’Halpin, Eunan & Ó Corráin, Daithí, “The Dead of the Irish Revolution” Eunan O’Halpin & Daithí Ó Corráin, (London 2020)

Attacks that took place:

Gresham Hotel, O’Connell Street

Letter from Nicholas Leonard on William Conor Hogan’s file regarding Hogan’s claim to have participated in the Gresham Hotel attack.
Reference from James Cahill regarding Nicholas Leonard’s role in the attack at the Gresham Hotel.

Patrick Moran DP7559 Officer Commanding, D Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

William Conor Hogan 24SP10451 Lieutenant, D Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Nicholas Leonard 24SP11341 D Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick Joseph McGrath 24SP3201 D Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Richard Anthony McGrath 24SP5690 D Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael Joseph Glynn MSP34REF817 D Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Morgan Durnin 24SP2327 D Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

The attack at the Gresham Hotel resulted in the deaths of British officer Captain Patrick Francis MacCormack and Leonard Aidan Wilde. Note that while it appears that William Conor Hogan was present in the Gresham Hotel there is evidence on both his file and that of Nicholas Leonard that he may not have taken a full part in the operation.

117 Morehampton Road

Unsigned note on James Paul Norton’s file referring both to Norton’s role on Bloody Sunday and the later breakdown in his mental health. James Norton would spend most of the rest of his life in psychiatric institutions at least partly as a result of what happened at 117 Morehampton Road.

James Bird MSP34REF2445 Section Commander, K Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Edward Devitt MSP34REF2211 K Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Daniel Joseph Finlayson 24SP2125 K Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John F O’Donnell MSP34REF2396 K Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael White 24SP202 Section Commander, K Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

James Paul Norton MSP34REF4136 K Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas Kelly MSP34REF1975 Section Commander, K Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Edward O’Connor 24SP4997 K Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

The attack at 117 Morehampton Road resulted in the deaths of British Intelligence Officer Donald Lewis MacLean and his landlord Thomas Herbert Smith. John Caldow, brother in law of Smith, was also seriously wounded.

28 Upper Pembroke Street

Patrick Flanagan MSP34REF455 Officer Commanding, C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Charles Francis Dalton 24SP1153 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Bartle Mallin MSP34REF1428 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

George Patrick White MSP34REF4155 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

James Joseph Doyle MSP34REF20659 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Matthew Connolly MSP34REF1723 G Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael Roger O’Hanlon MSP34REF20993 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Andrew Francis Cooney MSP34REF20320 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA;

Patrick Murray MSP34REF1241 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Joseph O’Connor MSP34REF901 Lieutenant, C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick Joseph Roe MSP34REF21792 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Joseph Sheppard MSP34REF21729 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

William Whelan MSP22091 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Hugh Constantine Brady MSP34REF20082 Second Lieutenant, C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick McDowell MSP34REF21524 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

The attack at 28 Upper Pembroke Street resulted in the deaths of British officers Major Charles Milne Cholmeley Dowling, Captain Leonard Price and Colonel Hugh Ferguson Montgomery who died of his wounds on 9 December 1920. Three other British officers Colonel Wilfrid James Woodcock, Captain Brian Christopher Headlam Keenlyside and Lieutenant Randolph George Murray were wounded during the course of this attack. All three survived.

28 Earlsfort Terrace

Patrick Byrne 24SP5703  First Lieutenant, A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John Joseph Doyle MSP34REF3768 Lieutenant, A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Christopher Farrell 24SP10237 A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Joseph O’Reilly MSP34REF2048 A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

William Conroy MSP34REF2070 A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

The attack at 28 Earlsfort Terrace resulted in the death of RIC Sergeant and former British serviceman John Fitzgerald. Evidence from other sources would suggest that the intended target was in fact a Lieutenant-Colonel Fitzpatrick. Joseph O’Reilly, who was on outpost duty, claimed that those on outpost duty for this attack had to do so unarmed, as the arms for them had failed to turn up.

22 Lower Mount Street

Letter from Denis Begley in support of Terence Farrell’s military service pension application including a claim that Farrell helped to bring Begley to safety after Begley had been wounded during the attack at 22 Lower Mount Street. Begley incorrectly refers to the house number as 21.

Thomas Kehoe 2D224 IRA General Headquarters Active Service Unit – “The Squad”

James Joseph Slattery 24SP1605 IRA General Headquarters Active Service Unit – “The Squad”

James Dempsey 24SP3908 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

John Bernard McDonald 24SP4269 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

Francis Teeling 24SP913  Section Leader, E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

William Joseph McClean 24SP3353 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

Denis Begley 24SP11602 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

Terence Farrell MSP34REF2411 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick O’Melia 24SP7758 Transport Officer, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

Christopher Feekery DP54521 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

The attack at 22 Lower Mount Street resulted in the death of British Intelligence Officer Lieutenant Henry James Angliss who had been operating under the name of Patrick McMahon. Two other British agents residing at this address, Lieutenant Charles Ratsch Peel and Lieutenant John Joseph Connolly, survived the attack. Peel by barricading himself in his room while Connolly survived as the IRA men apparently did not realise who he was.

Two of the IRA members William Joseph McClean and Denis Begley were wounded while Francis Teeling was captured when the IRA men were forced to shoot their way out following the arrival of British forces at the scene. Two RIC Auxiliary Division (ADRIC) Cadets, Cecil Augustus Morris and Francis Garniss, were sent for reinforcements but were captured en route by IRA members and shot in the garden of 16 Northumberland Road – see also 16 Northumberland Road.

38 Upper Mount Street

Francis John Saurin 24SP1953 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Vincent Byrne 24SP3162 IRA General Headquarters Active Service Unit – “The Squad”

Thomas James Ennis 24SP7328 Officer Commanding, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Herbert Conroy 24SP2470 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael Lawless 24SP2448 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Albert Rutherford MSP34REF22365 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Extract from Albert Rutherford’s sworn statement in support of his military service pension application. Note the claim that it was Rutherford who killed George Bennett.

The attack at 38 Upper Mount Street resulted in the deaths of British officers Lieutenant Peter Ashmun Ames and Lieutenant George Bennett

92 Lower Baggot Street

Joseph Leonard 24SP2671 IRA General Headquarters Active Service Unit – “The Squad”

William James Stapleton 24SP6854 Lieutenant, B Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John Stafford 24SP13630 Company Intelligence Officer, B Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade and IRA General Headquarters Active Service Unit – “The Squad”

Hugo MacNeill 24SP11777 B Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

The attack at 92 Lower Baggot Street led to the death of British Officer Captain William Frederick Newberry

119 Lower Baggot Street

Matthew McDonnell MSP34REF21416 C Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Seán Francis Lemass MSP34REF2078 C Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

The attack at 119 Lower Baggot Street resulted in the death of British Officer Captain Geoffrey Thomas Baggallay.

16 Northumberland Road

James Francis Cullen MSP34REF1746 D Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Extracts from James Francis Cullen’s application form and sworn statement in support of his military service pension claim.

A party of Auxiliaries (ADRIC) coming from Beggars Bush Barracks had arrived on the scene of the attack at 22 Lower Mount Street. This party became engaged in a firefight with the IRA unit, wounding William McClean and Denis Begley and capturing Francis Teeling. RIC Auxiliary Division (ADRIC) Cadets, Cecil Augustus Morris and Francis Garniss were sent for reinforcements but were captured by IRA members and killed in the garden of 16 Northumberland Road.

Reference from Francis Casey in support of James Francis Cullen’s military service pension application.

On his military service pension application form in the section covering 1 April 1920 to 31 March 1921 James Francis Cullen wrote: “Raid for 2 enemy intelligence officers 16 Northumberland Road November 1920”. When interviewed before the Advisory Committee, Military Service Pensions Act, 1934, on 13 June 1935 and asked if this raid was for “Bloody Sunday” Cullen replied that it was and when asked “Did you get your two men?” he replied “Yes” giving the impression that Morris and Garniss were the victims of a planned attack. His claim to involvement in the killing of the two ADRIC Cadets was verified by Francis Casey, a former Commanding Officer of Cullen’s IRA Company. A file for Francis Casey in the MSPC has yet to be sourced. 

Attacks which did not succeed or were called off:

7 Ranelagh Road

Extract from Christopher Stewart Andrews sworn statement in support of his military service pension application.

Francis Xavier Coghlan 24SP2324 Officer Commanding, E Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Joseph Dolan 24SP1400 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Daniel McDonnell 24SP9205 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

James Kenny MSP34REF1196 E Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Christopher Stewart Andrews MSP34REF7554 E Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Daniel Hubert Earle MSP34REF815 E Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Maurice Byrne MSP34REF1499 E Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas Corrigan MSP34REF217 E Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

The target for this attack Lieutenant William Noble was not present when the IRA unit raided the house.

[49 & 61] Ailesbury Road

Seán MacCurtain 24SP13202 Officer Commanding, G Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Arthur James Neilan MSP34REF1756  G Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Francis H Dowling MSP34REF6343 G Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Hugh O’Byrne MSP34REF20549 G Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John Williams MSP34REF1356 B Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John O’Shaughnessy MSP34REF2372  B Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

There appears to have been at least two suspected British agents targeted on Ailesbury Road possibly allocated to two distinct IRA units. Seán MacCurtain refers to a Lieutenant-Colonel Brown residing at 61 Ailesbury Road while John O’Shaughnessy refers to a target he names as Major Irvine residing at 49 Ailesbury Road. John Williams who would appear to have been part of the same unit as O’Shaughnessy refers to the target as Major Irwin.

Standard Hotel, Harcourt Street [and Harcourt Street]

Extracts from statements on Patrick Lamb’s file from Patrick Lamb (top) and Oscar Traynor (bottom) re the calling off of the attack at the Standard Hotel.

John Vincent Joyce 24SP9690 Officer Commanding, C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas J Doyle MSP34REF97 Officer Commanding, D Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas Byrne MSP34REF20130 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

James Butler MSP34REF178 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas Nolan MSP34REF28302 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Joseph O’Gorman MSP34REF1544 D Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick Lamb MSP34REF102 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick Mullen MSP34REF1103 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Seán Domican 24SP6917 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick Joseph Rigney MSP34REF295 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Joseph Byrne MSP34REF18108 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick O’Brien DP2196 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

On the morning of 21 November 1920 members of C and D companies, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA were mobilised for Whitefriars Street. John Vincent Joyce is generally referred to as the Officer in Charge of the operation and also as being responsible for calling it off, reporting that the target was not at the intended location. A number of those who mobilised gave the intended attack location as the Standard Hotel, Harcourt Street, others refer only to Harcourt Street while the Swan Hotel, Harcourt Street is named as the location by one veteran. It is unclear therefore if these IRA members were to take part in one or more attacks. The identity and number of intended victim(s) are also unclear. Patrick Lamb refers to the target as “Price” while Thomas J Doyle names the targets as Price and “…probably Evans”. On his file Patrick Lamb is critical of Joyce’s decision to call off the attack, claiming that Price was in fact still at the Standard Hotel that morning.

Church Road

William Byrne 24SP4820 Officer Commanding, E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael Smyth MSP34REF1264 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

This attack was called off as the intended target was not at the planned location. Neither the exact location nor the intended target of this attack is stated on the files.

Eastwood Hotel, Leeson Street

Extract Christopher Byrne’s sworn statement in support of his military service pension application.

Christopher Byrne MSP34REF101 F Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick O’Connor 24SP4864 F Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

This attack did not come off as the unnamed intended target was not there. Christopher Byrne claims there were 11 men due to take part in this attack.

6 Marlborough Road & 397 North Circular Road

Peadar Joseph McNulty MSP34REF19310 Officer Commanding, A Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA  

Hubert John Murphy 24SP6495 A Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas Ryan DP7168 A Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA   

Philip James Leddy MSP34REF20889  A Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

According to material on Peadar Joseph McNulty’s file, McNulty was Officer in Charge of two units who were to attack unnamed targets at 6 Marlborough Road and 397 North Circular Road. McNulty claims that he had 12 men with him for these attacks which were both called off. Hubert Murphy stated that Thomas Ryan, who was killed at Croke Park later that day, was with him (Murphy) and due to take part in this operation. 

Fitzwilliam Square

Thomas Carass MSP34REF205   Section Commander, B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick McDermott MSP34REF48454  B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John Daly MSP34REF57   B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas Cummins MSP34REF28299    B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas Carass names the location as 38 Fitzwilliam Square. The intended target, who was not present when the IRA unit entered the house, is not named.

Four Courts Hotel, Inns Quay

Patrick Hugh Holahan MSP34REF380 Officer Commanding, F Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Timothy Roche MSP34REF14948 F Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick Holahan claims that he was the Officer in Charge of this planned attack and that he called it off the night before at 11.45pm as the unnamed intended target was not at the Four Courts Hotel.

Rathgar

Louis Bernard McDermott 24SP11770 Officer Commanding, A Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

William Joseph O’Reilly 24SP11578 A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

While Louis McDermott states that the location of his intended operation was Maxwell Road, Rathgar, William Joseph O’Reilly merely states that the attack was to take place in Rathgar. Neither name the intended target(s) and as these men belonged to different IRA battalions it is probable that they were to be involved in different attacks.

Support activities and roles

Unsurprisingly, given the size and scale of the operation, many men and women were engaged in support activities. These included the initial gathering and collating of intelligence, drivers bringing and/or taking away men from the attack locations, outposts and patrols supporting the actual hit squads, the moving of arms used in the attacks and the provision of first aid. It will be noted that there is some duplication of roles in this context and some individuals are named under more that one category.

Intelligence

Statement on Laurence Nugent’s file from Frank Thornton including reference to IRA intelligence gathering for Bloody Sunday. Thornton is a very good example of someone whose Bloody Sunday service/activity does not appear on his own file. Note that although Thornton appears to dismiss Nugent’s claims, Nugent did receive a reference from Liam Tobin supporting him.

Joseph Guilfoyle 24SP7912 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Francis Joseph Thornton 24SP1302 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Liam Tobin 24SP2764 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Thomas Cullen 24SP5341 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Charles Byrne 24SP1608 A Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

In a statement on the file of Laurence Nugent MSP34REF829 Frank Thornton credits himself, Guilfoyle, Tobin, Cullen and Byrne with involvement in the collection and collation of intelligence in the build up to Bloody Sunday.

Laurence Nugent MSP34REF829 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade & Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Extract from Lily Mernin’s statement in support of her military service pension application.

Lily Mernin MSP34REF4945 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Lily Mernin was a shorthand typist based in “A” Branch, Garrison Office, Lower Castle Yard, Dublin Castle. She provided the IRA with copies of official documents as well as with descriptions and addresses of British officers and officials. She also accompanied IRA intelligence officers to events and occasions pointing out British officers and officials in mufti.

Sean Hyde MSP34REF16364 Intelligence Department, General Headquarters, IRA

Involved in tracking the targets at 22 Lower Mount Street, Angliss, Connolly and Peel, for some time prior to Bloody Sunday.

Liam Thomas Langley MSP34REF21082 Director of Training, General Headquarters, Na Fianna Éireann

Claims to have organised a network of Na Fianna Éireann members to watch houses in the “Mount Street area”.

Evelyn Flanagan née Evelyn O’Brien MSP34REF1515 Craobh Ingínidhe na hÉireann, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Evelyn Flanagan is credited with holding the identity and descriptions of targets at 28 Upper Pembroke Street which were then given to the men carrying out the attack. Also credited with later dumping the arms used in that attack.

Thomas Walsh MSP34REF57114 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Claims to have provided information in relation to the attack at the Gresham Hotel.

Christopher Crothers MSP34REF210 Irish Citizen Army

Claims that he provided information received through: a Kate Murphy working for a Mrs Sankey whose house at Fitzwilliam Street was a “call house” for British intelligence officers; and “Thomas Millea” (sic) a resident in a house in Mount Street where “[George] Bennett” was staying. James O’Neill also claims on Crothers’ file that Crothers provided intelligence in relation to “two people in Pembroke Street”.

Eugene Joseph Kelly MSP34REF1130 F Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Extract from Eugene Joseph Kelly’s sworn statement in support of his military service pension application.

Eugene Kelly claims he prepared the names and addresses of British officers living in the Mount Street/Baggot Street/Leeson Street area. He claims that some of these officers had three or four different aliases and often moved from house to house for safety. Also claims that he provided Michael Collins “with a complete list of names on [the] Saturday night before Bloody Sunday morning”. Further claims that he used two postmen he named only as Kelly and McInerney, to gather information on British intelligence agents. He states that the pair were: “…were confined to Grangegorman through it and they never got any compensation. They lost their reason. They were not in the movement and my life was in their hands but they were great chaps.”

Mary T Corcoran née Mary T O’Reilly MSP34REF20325 Intelligence Department, IRA  

Claims that she got information regarding British officers frequenting Bon Bouche Restaurant on Dawson Street and the United Services Club on St Stephens Green where she worked during 1920.

Madge Comer née Madge Clifford MSP34REF37758 Ard Craobh Branch (Central Branch), 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Claims to have assisted in the gathering of information regarding the location of British intelligence agents.

Mary Woods MSP34REF20402  Ranelagh Branch, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Claims to have provided information particularly in relation to the attack at 117 Morehampton Road. Also claims to have supplied a car used on Bloody Sunday. Which attack the car was used in is not specified.

Drivers/Transport

Patrick McCrea 24SP1307 Transport Officer, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael Fleming 24SP11154 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade & Transport, Dublin Brigade, IRA

 Both McCrea and Fleming are said to have operated as drivers in the Baggot Street area.        

James Carrigan 24SP2477 C Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade & Transport, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Maurice Brennan MSP34REF14742 B Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade  & Transport, Dublin Brigade, IRA   

Mary Woods MSP34REF20402  Ranelagh Branch, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Claims to have supplied a car used on Bloody Sunday. Which attack the car was used in is not specified. Also claims to have provided intelligence relating to the attack at 117 Morehampton Road.

Outposts and Patrols

Haydn Corri MSP34REF1120 Squad Leader, B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA          

Sean Breen MSP34REF1599 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA    

James Walsh MSP34REF10243, B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

James Kelly MSP34REF4288 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Breen, Walsh and Kelly are all stated to have been on duty in the Baggot Street and Fitzwilliam Street area.

Thomas Walsh MSP34REF8975 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Thomas Walsh claimed that he was an armed cyclist scouting/patrolling Mount Street, Merrion Street, Baggot Street, Fitzwilliam Street and Pembroke Street

Christopher O’Reilly 24SP12710 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Claims to have been ordered to watch 37 Fitzwilliam Place.

Edward Kelly MSP34REF9972 Section Leader, Cyclists Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA  

P Conlon claims that Kelly was part of a unit acting as decoys covering the area from Harcourt Road in Dublin out to Bray in County Wicklow.

Gerald Byrne 24SP7508 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Claims to have been on armed patrol on Camden Street, Harcourt Street and [South] Circular Road.     

James Kenny MSP34REF20937  D Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Claims to have been on armed outpost duty on Lower Mount Street           

Francis Leo Byrne 24SP141 A Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Fianna Éireann       

William McClean claims Byrne did scout duty while McClean was being treated for his wounds at Byrne’s home at 17 North Richmond Street – see also First Aid.

Distribution and removal of arms

Evelyn Flanagan née Evelyn O’Brien MSP34REF1515 Craobh Inghinidhe na hÉireann, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Extracts from Evelyn Flanagan’s sworn statement in support of her military service pension application.

Collected arms, probably used in the attack at 28 Upper Pembroke Street, brought them first to her then home at 2 Walkers Cottages, Mount Pleasant, Ranelagh and then to an IRA dump at Swifts Row. Also stated to have held the identities and descriptions of the intended targets of that attack. See also Intelligence.

Kathleen Blackburn née Kathleen Kenny MSP34REF1967 Ard Craobh Branch (Central Branch), 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan           

Claims to have carried arms to and from an unspecified attack. See also First Aid.                      

Annie O’Brien née Annie Cooney MSP34REF8809 Craobh Inghinidhe na hÉireann, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Claims to have been posted at the corner of St Stephen’s Green and Leeson Street to take arms from IRA members      

Aine Fitzgerald MSP34REF39275 Ard Craobh Branch (Central Branch), 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Claims that at Sean Hyde’s request, and some days after the attack, she removed guns that had been used during the attack at 22 Lower Mount Street.       

Laurence Nugent MSP34REF829 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade & Intelligence, General Headquarters, IRA

Claims to have distributed and collected arms in relation to an unspecified attack. See also Intelligence.

Thomas Kavanagh MSP34REF1292 F Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Claims to have assisted the arming of men from his company in relation to an unspecified operation. 

First Aid

Reference from Frank Thornton in support of Catherine Byrne’s military service pension application.

Catherine Byrne MSP34REF59728 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan      

Catherine Rooney née Catherine/Katie Byrne MSP34REF3935  Ard Craobh Branch (Central Branch), 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Reference from William McClean in support of Kathleen Blackburn’s military service pension application referring to the first aid treatment received by him from Blackburn and others following his wounding at 22 Lower Mount Street.

Kathleen Blackburn née Kathleen Kenny MSP34REF1967 Ard Craobh Branch (Central Branch), 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan           

Peter Sylvester Byrne 24SP2562 Brigade First Aid Instructor, Dublin Brigade, Na Fianna Éireann       

17 North Richmond Street, the home of Catherine Byrne, was apparently a pre-arranged first aid station and Headquarters for at least some of the morning’s operations. William McClean, who was brought here wounded from the attack at 22 Lower Mount Street, is stated to have received first aid here from Catherine Byrne, her daughter Catherine Rooney, her son Peter Byrne and Kathleen Blackburn. Blackburn also claimed to have carried arms to and from an attack. Another son of Catherine Byrne, Francis Leo Byrne 24SP141 A Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Fianna Éireann is stated by McClean to have done scouting/look out duty while he was being treated – see also Outposts and Patrols.       

Papers and documents captured by Joseph Leonard and Hugo MacNeill and reports of some of the morning’s events were brought here to Patrick O’Daly, who according to O’Daly’s Bureau of Military History Witness Statement, was based here for that very purpose.

Margaret Hennessy née Margaret Timmins MSP34REF54139 Ringsend Branch, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan

Catherine Cronin née Catherine Purcell MSP34REF54042 Ringsend Branch, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan   

Margaret Hennessy claimed that she stood to for first aid duty at Barrow Street. Catherine Cronin claims to have been standing to for the same purpose at St Stephen’s School for Mount Street. Neither appear to have been used.

Unidentified locations and roles

The following is a list of individuals who themselves claim, or are stated by others, to have taken part in the IRA operation on Bloody Sunday but whose exact role and/or location is unclear from the material processed to date in the MSPC.

Christopher Columba Byrne 24SP647 A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick Byrne MSP34REF3870 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

James Patrick Conroy 24SP80 IRA General Headquarters Active Service Unit – “The Squad”

John Conroy 24SP578  D Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

James Edward Donnelly MSP34REF96 F Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Leo Duffy 24SP2252 C Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade; Assistant BQM, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

Peter Freyne 1D472 E Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Sean Hunter 2D391 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John Archie Kennedy 24SP2161 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael Love 24SP11754 F Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Joseph Lynch 24SP9 A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Daniel Lyons DP23657 F Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick McArdle MSP34REF988 C Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

Stephen Patrick Morrissey MSP34REF616 A Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael Mullaly MSP34REF598 B Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Augustine Murphy 1D192 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John Noud MSP34REF1616 A Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick O’Hanlon MSP34REF16984 F Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Francis Anthony O’Grady 24SP412 A Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John O’Keeffe 24SP82 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Andrew O’Neill 24SP1276 B Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Henry Pender MSP34REF99 C Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade

Andrew T Walsh 24SP3849 Section Commander, A Company, 4 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Present at Croke Park

Thomas Hogan who died on 26 November 1920 who died from wounds received at Croke Park on 21 November 1920.

The Gaelic football match that took place on Sunday 21 November 1920 between Dublin and Tipperary was organised as a fundraiser for the Irish Republican Prisoners Dependents Fund (IRPDF). Of those named below, Thomas Ryan was killed on the day while Thomas Hogan died of his wounds on 26 November 1920. Thomas Ryan is also the only one named as present at Croke Park who is also said to have been part of the IRA operations in the morning – a planned attack on Marlborough Road which did not go ahead.

All the remaining claim to have been at Croke Park at some point during the day.  In his military service pension application John Francis Shouldice claimed that he was an IRA representative in the IRPDF and was also an official in the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) – the governing body for the sport of Gaelic football. He claimed that he was responsible for organising the match and “in charge” of the ground on the day. Emily Valentine claims to have given first aid to the wounded and injured at the ground.

Most of the others claim to have been on IRA duty, with many stating that this was “armed duty”. However all of those claiming to have been on armed duty also state that they had been dismissed before the arrival of British forces. Whether they were all still there when the British forces arrived is unclear from the material on their files. There is no evidence on any of the files that they, or any other IRA member, engaged the British forces at Croke Park at any point.

Reference from Hubert Murphy regarding Thomas Ryan’s service and death. Notice his statement that Ryan had been with Murphy on the morning of Bloody Sunday. Hubert Murphy was part of the unit mobilised for attacks at Marlborough Road and North Circular Road which were called off.

Thomas Ryan DP7168 A Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Killed at Croke Park 21 November 1920

Thomas Hogan DP25659 Bruree Company, East Limerick Brigade and [K Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade]

Died on 26 November 1920 of wounds received attempting to escape from Croke Park.

John Francis Shouldice MSP34REF21842 Staff Officer, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Daniel Canny MSP34REF1743 D Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Maurice Fitzsimons MSP34REF883 F Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

James Michael Brennan MSP34REF296 F Company, 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Michael Mackey MSP34REF12202 C Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Kevin Joseph McCabe MSP34REF9471 F Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

John Meade MSP34REF1520 F Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Patrick Joseph Daly MSP34REF1352 F Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Hugh Anthony Stynes MSP34REF1110 C Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA

Emily Valentine MSP34REF56551 Ard Craobh Branch (Central Branch), 1 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan